Theoretical physicist Richard Feynman once stated “I think it is safe to say that no one understands Quantum Mechanics” .
Richard Feynman is also quoted as saying “The first principle is that you must not fool yourself, and you are the easiest person to fool.”
I have searched far and wide on the interweb for a simplified introduction to quantum teleportation , the subject is not an easy one to explain , it may take a while for you to get your head around the basic principles . It is a verified scientific phenomenon , the basis of which is quantum entanglement , which Einstein famously described as “Spooky Action at a Distance” .
For a primer into quantum teleportation you may want to first understand quantum superposition . Quantum superposition theory states that a physical system , such as an electron , exists in all possible states until a measurement is made , whereupon the system falls to a single state .
You may also want to watch the videos below which discuss quantum entanglement .
So , for example , when the spin state of an electron is measured , then this exact measurement can be transferred to another entangled electron , even though the electrons may be thousands of miles apart .
The links below may help to explain quantum teleportation .