Cultocracy note :
This article is the second part of the summary of a book printed in 1969 by José Manuel Rodriguez Delgado . The book is titled ‘Physical Control of the Mind: Toward a Psychocivilized Society’ . The text is selected excerpts from the book intended to summarize the research of Delgado , the first article TARGETED INDIVIDUALS – HELL AND HEAVEN WITHIN THE BRAIN seeks to inform the reader of the technology , the second article describes the societal implications .
When reading the book it becomes obvious that Delgado was fully aware of the implications of his research , he tries in vain to rationalize the impending misuse of the technology to himself . Science can be used for good or evil , this point is consistently emphasized by Delgado in his book . Unfortunately his humanity had already been subverted at this point & under the influence of his controllers he started to play God , children & boxes of matches .
Below are excerpts from the book , remember this was 1969 .
Working Hypothesis for the Experimental Study of the Mind
Towards a Psychocivilised Society
José Manuel Rodríguez Delgado
SOCIAL DEPENDENCE AND INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM
Personality is formed by a constellation of borrowed elements related to ideological,behavioral, and cultural systems, and dependent on a continuous stream of sensory inputs. This is reality, and we must accept it and adapt to it. Only then can we apply our intelligence to the investigation and conquering of the human mind. Only then can we contemplate development of a future psychocivilized human being, a less cruel , happier, and better man. The concept of individuals as self-sufficient and independent entities is based on false premises.
Alienation from established cultural forms and lack of social responsibility could be diminished by an increased awareness of our social dependence.
In a permissive atmosphere, the individual may be a slave of his own emotions,while an authoritarian upbringing creates a tyranny of inhibitions and conformism. Both extremes are undesirable and it is preferable to direct mental and behavioral development toward a self-determination of goals, knowing that if we want to create free individuals, we must teach them to be so .
Natural Causality and Intelligent Planning in the Organization of Human Behavior
We may wonder whether man’s still ingrained conceptions about the untouchable self are not reminiscent of the ancient belief that it was completely beyond human power to alter omnipotent nature. We are at the beginning of a new ideological and technological revolution in which the objectives are not physical power and control of the environment, but direct intervention into the fate of man himself.
To own slaves was considered a respectable manifestation of social status not too long ago. Inculcation of honesty, loyalty, bravery, and self-sacrifice is the custom in many cultures, but by adding obedience and mobilizing the population for aggressive action against other groups,all these excellent qualities are perverted.
The dangers inherent in the control of human behavior are recognized by Skinner as well as by most investigators, and the hope that the new power acquired by the behavioral sciences will be restricted to the scientists or to some benevolent elite is little supported by either recent or distant history .
We must accept the reality that different degrees of behavioral control have been practiced since immemorial times, are widely used at present, and will expand in the future.
To discuss whether human behavior can or should be controlled is naive and misleading. We should discuss what kinds of controls are ethical,considering the efficiency and mechanisms of existing procedures and the desirable degree of these and other controls in the future.
Available techniques can be classified in two groups:
(1) Use of chemical and physical agents to induce modifications in neurophysiological activity. This category includes psychoactive drugs and direct electrical manipulation of the brain.
(2) Use of positive or negative social reinforcements, based on the sensory relations between the subject and his environment, mainly other human beings who are the suppliers of stimuli. This category includes subliminal stimulation, conditioning, social pressure,psychotherapy, hypnosis, sensory deprivation, and brainwashing. In these situations the behavior of one individual is planned or at least purposefully influenced by another.
The structure of mental qualities and their behavioral manifestations depend on genetic, neurophysiological, and cultural factors which can be investigated, known, and modified by intelligent planning. Let us accept also that the necessary methodology is available or will soon be developed. The most important question then is how we shall use this power.
How should the human mind be structured?
Which mental qualities and behavioral responses should be favored or inhibited?
Who will be the human artifact created by intelligent manipulation?
As Rogers has asked ;
Who will be controlled?
Who will exercise control?
What type of control will be exercised?
Most important of all … toward what end or what purpose, or in the pursuit of what value, will control be exercised?
A Tentative Plan
A new technology has been developed for the exploration of cerebral mechanisms in behaving subjects . It has already provided data about the intracerebral correlates of learning ,memory, drives, performance and other aspects of mental functions. This methodology has proved that movements, sensations,emotions, desires, ideas, and a variety of psychological phenomena maybe induced, inhibited, or modified by electrical stimulation of specific areas of the brain.
If we could modify mental mechanisms intelligently, the consequences would be far more important than the consequences of extending man’s life span or limiting his birth rate, because to influence mental processes is to influence the source of all human activities.
To increase significantly the manpower and resources devoted to neurobehavioral sciences it will be necessary first to make the public as well as the scientific and political authorities aware that an effort of unusual proportions is essential. Explaining the reasons for this effort along with the consequences and possible individual and social gains. Second, it should be made known that the necessary technology is already available and that significant results have already been obtained. Third, a strategy should be developed to mobilize public opinion, talent, and resources.
This strategy requires interdisciplinary collaboration in order to organize a general plan of action which should include the following aspects;
(i) Scientific Research
Acquisition of new knowledge is the cornerstone of scientific advancement , and a massive increase in research into the cerebral mechanisms of mental activity could be initiated simply by applying the available technology on a larger scale. This effort,however, cannot be generated by the scientists themselves but must be promoted and organized by governmental action declaring ‘conquering of the human mind’ a national goal .
National agencies should be created in order to coordinate plans, budgets, and actions . It is necessary to create neurobehavioral institutes with the specific purpose of investigating the mechanisms of the behaving brain .
These institutes require interdisciplinary organization because their main purpose will be to correlate genetics,anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and psychopharmacology with behavioral, mental, and sociological phenomena.
(ii) Social Education
Understanding of the mechanisms of individual and social behavior could be an important feedback factor for the modulation of behavioral responses because this understanding will simultaneously increase the importance of individual intellect and decrease the power of irrational automatisms. Education of the general public would be facilitated by the natural interest in understanding the activity of our own minds.
The mass media must be mobilized for this purpose, and preparation of entertaining and informative programs should be encouraged and promoted by the neurobehavioral institutes.
A host of medical, ethical, legal, and political questions are involved in the possibility of intelligent choice among behavioral determinants and their control. Each of these aspects deserves careful study and should form part of the general plan of action.I want to emphasize that human happiness is a relative value and depends as much on mental interpretation as on environmental reality. A better understanding of mental mechanisms will favor the pursuit of happiness and diminish the unnecessary suffering of human beings. The direction of the colossal forces discovered by man requires the development of mental qualities able to apply intelligence not only to the domination of nature but also to the civilization of the human psyche.